The Gerson Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine

Scott Gerson, M.D., Ph.D. (Ayurveda) Medical Director, Jupiter Medical Center Dept. of Integrative Medicine Division of Education and Research

Jupiter Medical Center at The Calcagnini Center for Mindfulness
1210 S. Old Dixie Highway, Jupiter, Florida 33458, Suite M-117.2

 

Lake Mary Clinic and Panchakarma Facility: at 635 Primera Blvd. Lake Mary, Florida 32746

 

 Telephone: (561) 263-MIND (6463); option #2 or (561) 510-3833

Cutting Edge Information

General Information About India: Motherland of Ayurveda

  • OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of India
  • NATIONAL CAPITAL: New Delhi
  • SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Multiparty Federal Republic
  • AREA: 1,222,725 Sq Mi (Compare U.S. 3,618,791 Sq Mi)
  • ESTIMATED 2004 POPULATION: 1,098,454,000 (Compare U.S. 272,102,000)

25.9% urban, 74.1% rural (1994). Sex Distribution; 52% male, 48% female (1994).

LOCATION & GEOGRAPHY

India is located in a south Asian projection of land known as the Indian sub-continent. It is bound by Pakistan to the northwest, China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north, Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east, the Bay of Bengal to the southeast and the Arabian Sea to the southwest. It is the second largest country in Asia and the territory also includes the Andaman, Nicobar and the Lakshadweep Islands.

Mainland India can be divided into four topographical regions.

  • The far northern region or Himalayan mountain region which comprises three parallel ranges and a large plateau.
  • The Indo-Gangetic Plain which is formed by the basins of the Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra Rivers.
  • The central region which is divided into the Great and Little Deserts.
  • The southern region which includes a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea and a broader one along the Bay of Bengal.

The Indo-Gangetic Plain is separated from the southern region by mountain ranges and a plateau on the Deccan Peninsula, which are flanked by the Western and Eastern Ghats.

The rivers of India are generally divided into the Himalayan and peninsula rivers, and the principal rivers include: the Ganges with its tributaries, the Jumna, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi, Chambi, Betwa, Son, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Narmada and Tapti.

The major cities and 2004 estimated populations are as follows: Mumbai (Bombay) 10,560,500, New Delhi 7,842,600, Calcutta 5,683,200, Madras 4,695,000, Bangalore 4,512,800, Hyperabad 3,850,000, Ahmadabad 3,246,700, Kanpur 2,354,400, Nagpur 1,720,300, Lucknow 1,650,500, Pune 1,610,

CLIMATE

India has a sub-tropical climate that is characterized by the two Asiatic monsoons with four fairly distinct seasons which are, more or less, common to the entire sub-continent:

  • A relatively cool winter monsoon season. (Dec.-March)
  • A hot and rainless transitional season. (April-June)
  • A rainy monsoon season and (July-August)
  • A humid season. (Sept.-Dec..)

Typical New Delhi Average Temperatures. January-February: 47-74ºF; May-June: 80-105ºF; July-August: 70-82ºF; October-November: 76-88ºF

RELIGIONS

Approximately 84% of the population are Hindu, 11% are Muslim, 3% are Christian, 1% are Sikh while just under 1% are Buddhist and .5% are Jain.

LITERACY (age 25 or greater)

  • % population with no formal schooling: 63.4%,
  • % population with incomplete primary school: 7.2%
  • % population completed primary school: 11.2%
  • % population incomplete secondary school: 6.4%
  • % population completed secondary school: 7.4%
  • % population with university/graduate degrees: 2.8%

Literate population (aged 15 or greater): 49.8% (1994)

CURRENCY

The official currency is the Rupee (Rs) which is divided into 100 Paisa. Currently the exchange rate is 1 USD = 44.2 Rs

(The following information was culled from The Wealth Of India)

MAJOR INDUSTRIES

Agriculture, Beverages, Cement, Chemicals, Coke, Fertilizers, Food Processing, Iron and Steel, Machinery, Oil Refining, Software Development, Textiles, Transport Equipment.

MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS

Its main trading partners are the USA, Russia, the UK, Japan, Iran and Iraq.

MAJOR PRODUCTS

Barley, Bauxite, Chromium, Coal, Cotton, Copper, Fruit, Gemstones, Ground Nuts, Iron Ore, Jute, Limestone, Manganese, Mica, Millet, Oil and Gas, Potatoes, Pulses, Rice, Sorghum, Sugar Cane, Tea, Vegetables, Wheat.

MAJOR EXPORTS

Computer Software, Fish, Gemstones, Grains, Handicrafts, Iron Ore, Leather, Tea, Textiles.