The Gerson Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine

Scott Gerson, M.D., Ph.D. (Ayurveda) Medical Director, Jupiter Medical Center Dept. of Integrative Medicine Division of Education and Research

Jupiter Medical Center at The Calcagnini Center for Mindfulness
1210 S. Old Dixie Highway, Jupiter, Florida 33458, Suite M-117.2


 


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Determining Your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type

From the viewpoint of Ayurveda, the first step in the treatment of any health-related condition is to determine your individual constitutional type (prakriti). This is determined by the proportion of each dosha and guna which occurs in each individual. The dosha/guna which is predominant will reflect the energies and metabolic tendencies within. Knowing your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type will allow you to understand your mind and physiology and will allow you to interpret with great specificity your metabolic signals.

The questionnaire below is provided to help you determine your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type. Each question below can have only one of three possible answers. Some answers will be obvious such as those asking about objective physical characteristics (i.e. hair color, height, dry skin, etc.). For emotional and behavioral characteristics which can be more subjective and variable, try to answer according to how you have felt and behaved over the course of your lifetime, or at least for many years, and not based on the past few months or how you would like to be.

Select one choice for each numbered item.

At the end of the questionnaire the number of V’s, P’s, and K’s in your constitution will be automatically calculated. The proportion of the three doshas is your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type.

After completing the questionnaire, you may want to print it out any save it for you records.

 

AYURVEDIC QUESTIONNAIRE

Copyright Scott Gerson, M.D. 2002, 2009, 2016 All Rights Reserved.

This questionnaire allows you to automatically calculate your dominant dosha (or doshas). As you can read in the introduction, your dominant dosha defines everything about who you are, from the kind of skin you may have to the way you handle awkward social situations. For every question choose the answer that describes you best. Then, click on the calculate button to find out your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type.

AYURVEDIC QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Physique
I am taller (or shorter) than average and thin with a rather under-developed physique.
I am average in height with a moderately developed physique.
I am thick, large, broad, with a well-developed physique.
2. Weight
I am thin; my bones tend to be prominent (knuckles, elbows, knees, facial bones, etc.) .
I am of moderate weight with a slight tendency toward overweight
I am heavy and easily tend towards overweight or obesity.
3. Hair
My hair is two or more of these: dry, kinky, curly, coarse, black, dark brown
My hair is two or more of these: Red, light brown, blond, soft, fine, prone to premature gray or balding.
My hair is two or more of these: Thick, oily, wavy, medium to dark brown.
4. Teeth
My teeth are two or more of these: crooked, large, protruding, with large spaces, with receding gums.
My teeth are two or more of these: medium-sized, yellowish, gums bleed easily
My teeth are large, straight, and white
5. Eyes
Small, dry, brown and I tend to blink alot.
Sharp, penetrating, green, blue, or gray, with reddish or yellowish sclerae
Large, attractive, charming, with white sclerae, brown or deep blue
6. Eyebrows
Thin, not bushy, dry, and firm to touch.
Medium in all respects.
Thick, bushy, oily, soft.
7. Nose
Thin, small, bumpy, and slightly crooked
Medium-sized, reddish, large pores
Large but proportionate, oily, thick
8. Lips
Thin, can be dry or chapped, darkish, and somewhat unsteady.
Medium, soft, pink
Thick, moist, large, smooth, firm
9. Shoulders
Not very broad or thick and down-sloping
Medium
Thick, broad, firm
10. Chest
Thin and not muscular; breasts are small (women).
Medium in all respects
Muscular, thick, over-developed, breasts are large
12. Arms
Thin, long, and the bones are prominent.
Medium, strong and wiry
Large, thick, and well-developed
13. Hands
Cool, dry, and well-lined, sometimes tremulous, knuckles prominent.
Medium, warm, pink, moist, soft
Large, thick, long, well developed, knuckles smooth.
14. Calves
Small and firm
Moderately firm and long
Long, firm, shapely, rounded
15. Feet
Small, dry, cool, and rough
Medium-sized, soft, warm, pink
Large, thick, solid, moist
16. Nails
Dry, small, tend to chip or crack, darkish, surface rough
Pinkish, medium-sized, soft
Large, thick, smooth, white, hard
17. Joints
Thin, prominent, dry, and make cracking sounds, prone to fracture
Medium, soft, loose, prone to sprains
Large, thick well-knit, strong
18. Bowel Movements
Hard, dry, accompanied by gas, tendency towards constipation
Regular, tends towards loose and soft or diarrhea, abundant,
Regular, large, oily
19. Urine
Small amounts very frequently throughout the day.
Abundant, deep yellow, occasionally slightly burning
Moderate, concentrated
20. Perspiration
Scanty, no strong odor
Profuse, strong odor
Moderate, sweet odor
21. Appetite
Unpredictable and erratic; I sometimes am not hungry at mealtimes and very hungry between meals
Sharp, acutely aware of mealtimes, dislikes delaying meals, enjoys and can digest large quantities of food
Constant, can miss a meal comfortably, feels best with smaller quantities of food.
22. Activity Pattern
I perform activities very quickly, I can become distracted easily or may not always complete things I begin
I perform activities intensely and efficiently; I am a perfectionist; I am likely to become aggravated if interrupted or encounter difficulties
I do things slowly, deliberately, and calmly
23. Learning Pattern
I seem to learn new things very quickly; I can forget things if I don’t use them for a while
I learn moderately quickly after hearing new material two or three times
It takes me a little longer to really learn things, but once learned I never forget
24. Immunity
Low, I get minor illnesses fairly often
Moderate, I usually do not get sick
High, I seem resistant to disease
25. Disease Pattern
Fatigue, nervous system, insomnia, weakness, dryness
Fevers, inflammations, ulcers, skin conditions
Congestion, respiratory conditions, benign growths, obesity
26. Speech
I tend to talk alot and show enthusiasm in my speech by nature
Argumentative, precise, convincing, sharp, direct speech
Slow, sometimes monotonous, low-pitched, rhythmic speech
27. Social
More often than not I am insecure and nervous in new social situations
I am outgoing and usually assertive and accessible around people
I usually do more listening than speaking in new situations, but people are attracted to me nonetheless.
28. Gait
I usually walk quicker than most people with short light steps
Stable, purposeful pace at moderate speed
Slow, unhurried, and graceful strides
29. Voice
Low volume, hoarse, vibrato, cracking, not really deep or resonant
Sharp, loud, captures attention
Pleasant, deep, harmonious, resonant
30. Temperment
nervous, changeable, never seems to be content.
always seems to be struggling, achieving; highly self-motivated.
Usually happy, slow to desire or see the need for change.
31. Sleep
Often light or interrupted, insomnia, 5-7 hours per night
Sound, 6-8 hours per night
Deep, uninterrupted, difficulty waking
32. Memory
Short, forgets relatively easily.
Average, clear on details
Long
33. Concentration
Easily distracted
Rarely distracted, intensely engaged
Moderate levels of concentration
34. Truthfulness
Will often harmlessly lie to avoid uncomfortable situations
Usually tells the truth
Never lies, there is no reason to ever do this
35. Will Power
Weak, I often start out very determined but later give in.
Moderate, I am very self-critical when I fail to follow through
Strong, if I make a decision I stay with it.
36. Spiritual Reading/Study
I go through periods of interest and periods when I lose interest.
I have surprising discipline and constancy in spiritual matters.
I have never really pursued any spiritual avenues.
37. Emotional Reaction to Stress
Fearful, anxious and worried
Anger, aggressiveness, irritability, demanding, uncompromising
Complacent, steady, calmly seeks solutions, may become depressed
38. Mental Tendency
Questions everything, theorizes as to the cause of events, creative
Discriminating, judging, suspicious
Logical, stable, reasonable, slow to evaluate
39. Forgiveness
I forgive and forget easily and often.
It takes me a very long time to forgive; I tend to hold grudges.
I understand that people make mistakes; it rarely upsets me.
40. Love
I fall in and out love easily
I have had relatively few but intensely passionate love affairs.
I feel I am hungry for love and affection; longterm relationships.
41. Dreams
Flying, running, fear, searching, traveling
Passion, violence, light, anger, jealousy, the sun, colors
Romance, water, ocean, sadness, empathy
42. Sex Drive
Frequent desire, low stamina
Moderate desire, dominating, passionate
Cyclical, sometimes insatiable, excellent stamina
43. Hygiene
Very clean and neat, intolerant of sloppiness, uncleanness
Moderately clean, but secondary to other concerns
Can be dirty and sloppy for periods of time
44. Work Habits
Selfless, often volunteers to help out
Works intensely, especially to achieve personal goals
Procrastinates, sometimes lazy, takes time to complete projects.
45. Recreation
Exercise, travel, movies, dancing, parties, skating, visiting friends
Attending sporting events, competitive athletics, reading, building or repairing, woodworking, playing musical instruments
Attending concerts, dining out, television, sleep, sex, food, literature.
46. Financial Behavior
Spends impulsively, spends on trifles, feels poor
Spends moderately, enjoys luxuries, gourmet meals
Frugal, saves money, spends freely on food, entertainment
47. Weather Intolerance
Cold, windy, dry
Hot, humid
Cold, damp, rain
48. Disease Tendency
Nervous system, pain, mental instability, arthritis, fatigue, weakness, hearing loss
Febrile illness, inflammations, infections, skin disorders, heart disease, ulcer disease, hemorrhoids, alcoholism
Respiratory diseases (bronchitis, asthma), obesity, high cholesterol, sinusitis
49. Pulse
Rapid, thready, light,
Bounding, strong, superficial
Slow, broad, strong
50. Tongue
Thin, surface with several or more furrows, dark pink, blue-tinged (especially on undersurface).
Moderately thick, reddish especially near the tip, moist
Thick, whitish coating, pink
Number of Vata
Number of Pitta
Number of Kapha
By analyzing the scores for Vata, Pitta, and Kapha you can determine your Ayurvedic Constitutional type. Although there are only three doshas, they can combine in ten possible ways to give ten possible Constitutional Types. Yours is indicated below.
Your Constitutional Type is

How This Questionnaire Determines Your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type

By calculating the responses for Vata, Pitta, and Kapha your computer has determined your Ayurvedic Constitutional Type (or prakriti). Although there are only three doshas, they can combine in ten possible ways to give ten possible constitutional types. These are enumerated below.

If one score is much higher than the other two, you are a single dosha type.

Single Dosha Type (3)

  • Vata
  • Pitta
  • Kapha

Examples: If you scored Vata 38, Pitta 8, Kapha 4 you would be considered a Vata Type. If you scored Vata 10, Pitta 35, Kapha 5 you would be considered a Pitta Type. If you scored Vata 9, Pitta, 8, Kapha 33 you would be considered a Kapha Type.

Generally, the single dominant dosha must be at least 2.5 times as much as the other doshas for an individual to be considered a single dosha type. There are rare exceptions to this rule but you can feel confident by applying it.

If no single dosha is dominant, you are a bi-doshic type. Bi-doshic Types (6)

  • Vata-Pitta
  • Pitta-Vata
  • Pitta-Kapha
  • Kapha-Pitta
  • Kapha-Vata
  • Vata-Kapha

Examples: If you scored Vata 20, Pitta 24, Kapha 8 you would be considered a Pitta-Vata Type. If you scored Vata 6, Pitta 18, Kapha 26 you would be considered a Kapha-Pitta Type.

In practice, the majority of individuals are bidoshic types. The dosha with the relatively highest score is your primary dosha, but its manifestation in your mind and body is significantly colored by the secondary dosha. There can also be a few traits which are attributable to the third dosha (i.e. thick bushy eyebrows in a Vata-Pitta individual) but these will be few if any.

If all three scores are nearly equal, you are a tri-doshic type.

Tri-doshic Types (1)

  • Vata-Pitta-Kapha

This doshic type is truly rare and requires all three dosha to score within 10% of each other. Remember also that the questionnaire should be supported by the descriptions given above for each type. If the questionnaire says you are a Pitta type yet you feel from the descriptions that you are definitely a Vata type, retake the test the next day or have a close friend or family member take it with you. The odds are you will be a bi-doshic type.